Important Elements of Road Design

Elements of Road Design

To make the roads functional and provide smooth flow of traffic without creating much chaos; important elements are to be incorporated in road design.

In the previous article, we discussed “Different types of roads based on different purposes” and the “Important design factors the influence the construction of roads”. Elements of Road Design is the second step towards understanding the concept of Road Design.

Arterial Road | Motorway in Ireland
Arterial Road | Motorway in Ireland

We will also discuss “Types of Road Junctions” and “Parking Methods” in my successive articles.

Here the elements of Road Design

  1. Angle of Crossing
  2. Speed Breakers
  3. Kerbs
  4. Pedestrian Crossings
  5. Grade Separator

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Design of Roads and Road Junctions

Means of Vehicular Access – Roads

The general term in which we describe the means of Vehicular Access in one word is “Roads.” In this article, we are going to discuss in detail different types of roads for different purposes. We will also deal with the design factors that are to be considered while designing roads and Road Junctions.

Desert road in UAE
Desert road in UAE

Lets study the design of roads in a systematic way:

  1. Means of Access and Design factors to be considered for the design of roads
  2. Important elements to be considered in Road Design
  3. Types of Road Junctions
  4. Parking Methods

Here are the names of different types of roads for different types of vehicles and which depend on its width and purpose of construction:

  1. Highways
  2. Streets
  3. Lanes
  4. Pathways
  5. Alley
  6. Passageway
  7. Carriageway
  8. Footways
  9. Square ways
  10. Bridge ways

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