About the Author

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Hey, I’m BenzuJK. Welcome to CivilProjectsOnline.com. I am an Architect, blogger and a writer.

Architecture is interesting and fun. My college has given me some good experiences, some not so good. Life is a journey… it does not stop. There are always some goal posts to be achieved. Once we achieve the goals, we have to make new goals, to renew life itself.

The theme of posts ranges from Civil Engineering, Case Studies, Building Maintenance, Lighting arrangements, to mega-projects that bring glory to the field of Engineering, to discussing the latest innovations in construction techniques and building materials.

100 thoughts on “About the Author”

  1. It is very appreciable & commendable to write a book in this young age. In our student life
    We did not try like this.
    I hope you shall try to write for other structural items like beams, column & its foundations.

    I require some knowledge on raft’s foundation. If you have some written material please mail me.

  2. You are not only a student, but a scholar as well. I can only imagine the how much success and achievement you will gain in the future.

    I sincerely thank you for all your help, your information has not only find solutions to my project but has inspired to think about engineering in a complete different and invigorating way.

    Please keep up the great work, and try to imagine how may other people you have helped and inspired, only a tiny few have responded in comment, there are so many others.

    My deepest gratitude.

    Oscar G
    New York City

  3. What is a “case study”? I’m not in architecture. Is that a phrase used in architecture. Otherwise, what would a case study of a studio apt be? Thx.

  4. Hi, I am Shahzad, an engg. student and blogger of technologyedition.blogspot.com

    I found the information about engg. project in your site is quite interesting. I would like to recommend my readers to visit your site. Will you please tell me which project you think most useful for students like me. So that I can specify the URL of that article in my next post.

    With regards
    Shahzad Saeed

  5. hey… very interesting…… can u help me design a studio colour lab having an area of approx 200 sq feet…{10 feet front length 20 feet ) ….i want to sell digitital cameras, mobile phone in this area and want to have one billing counter in this space..( for photo printing machine i have seperate 100 sq feet )

  6. Hello Ar. Benzu,
    Er. Daya here from India. I juss came across this page n its pretty nice to read simple yet very useful articles here.
    You are doing very nice job & i Belive for fellows “YOU” should be an inspiration.
    I understand YOUR PASSION n trust on YOU.
    keep going always.
    God Bless you.
    Cheers n bravo!!

  7. Hello Benzu,

    Today I got into your site while googling for some information regarding repair of heavy equipment foundations encountering dynamic loading on a regular basis. I am not a civil engr, but a ChE with decades of interdisciplinary exp in the largest steel plant in India.
    I am writing this in appreciation of your efforts, that too at this tender age, for your passion for documenting and sharing valuable technical information- a rare quality in most technical people !
    Best Wishes for the Good Work ! Keep going.
    Er Rajan C Mathew FIE
    Bhilai, India

  8. Hi benzu

    Really good work, easy to understand simple words and figures. I am design engineer and got some useful topics which helped me a lot.

    One suggestion why dont you invite people who write software for design of civil engineering elements. They can share small programs which makes a lot of help in civil engineering community

    keep it Up and Good Luck

    Vidyashankar MK BE. MIE

  9. Hello,

    My name is Milotin Drago? (David), I am a Romanian architecture student from ‘Ion Mincu’ University of Architecture and Urban Planning , and with a couple of my colleagues have created
    p (i) l o t architecture platform http://p-i-l-o-t.blogspot.com/ . Our site is an online platform that students from the mentioned University can use to interact and share ideeas.

    I am writing this e-mail to you to express our desire to colaborate with you on an online partnership between our sites. This will imply to post a logo and link of of your site on our site and vice versa. By visiting our page you will find at the top a link named “Partner websites”.This is where we will post our your logo and the link to your site. For this, I am going to need an official e-mail stating that you agree to this partnership and an .jpg image logo of your choice.

    Regarding our site I am proud to inform you that although we have launched in May 2010 we are curently visited by an avrage of 1500 people every month from the following countries Romania, Spain, Germany, France, Usa, Canada, India, Russia, Ukraine ( data from Google Analytics )

    Have a nice day. Hope to hear from you soon

  10. what are the undergraduate engineering fields which can lead to structural engineering ?
    I’m really confused, will u help me mis Benzu…………….

    • Hello,
      If you are so interested into going for Structural Engineering then go for Civil Engineering…
      Civil Engineering is the ultimate field which will help you pursue Structural Engineering in future…

  11. beside civil engineering course , is there is any other engineering fields that lead to structural engineering……………

      • Hi This is very Interesting to see all the points posted regarding the Civil Engg Aspects please include concepts of Marine structures also

  12. i mean if i do bachelor in architectural or construction engineering then at my master degree can i take structural engineering or can’t.

    • There is an Architecture degree called “B.arch” which has got nothing to do with structural engineering…but you can take up Construction Management. U cannot take up Structural Engineering as your PG degree unless you go for B.E Civil…. I hope you got it this time.

  13. hi, your blog is trully awesome. I’m a student doing construction management. may I say, your blog will be very helpful to me, since it is directly connected to what i’m studying. Keep it up…

  14. Dear Benzu.
    i am highly greatful to you as your articles help me to refresh my knowledge . i am started to construct a tree storey residential building for myself.I passed out in chemical Engg. diploma course in 1987 and all the basic civil Engg. knowledge was evaporated from my brain. After reading your lessons, I am feeling good.Thank you once again.

  15. hi benzulk, im a civil engg & ur work is certainly very good as it helps me alot in my works & is giving me a lot of help in my job..

  16. Hi, I have recently laid foundation for house 45′ x 30′. It has 12 columns each made out of 12″ steel rods (4 nos.). I want to construct the house in stages. When I asked my contractor to build the coloumns to full height and the linter (roof) he advised that the construction should be with brick walls and coloumns. He says that making coloums and linter on top will not bear the weight. Can you guide me how to go about it, whether the 12 coloumns will be able to bear weight of linter. The coloumns were dug out at three feet deep.

  17. Hey! Just came accross ur site and its very educating keep it up.im a student of Architecture here in nigeria, can you add me to your blog?

  18. Very interesting web page.Would like to share more.

    E.B. Lara, MSc

    Structural Engineer
    Construction Manager

    The Georgia Institue of Technology
    The Class of 1981

  19. Dear Benzu,
    I came across your blog while conducting some work-related research. I would be really grateful if you could help me in my research inputs – I am working on a conference that deals with developments in Indian architecture / construction. If you could give me your email id,I’d like a few inputs regarding the kind of case studies/companies we could rope in.Can you please let me know if you can help? Thanks so much…take care!

    • Hello Lawrence,
      I don’t share personal information with my readers. If you have any questions regarding building construction; you are most welcome.

      Cheers πŸ™‚

  20. Nice work , keep it up.
    I am a civil enginnering student in 3rd year. I want to share some of my experiences on ur website and want to promote it also so that my friends can take advantage of that.
    I want to join ur community.

  21. I visited your website and found it is very useful for all the civil engineers. I appreciate yourself to continue your good services to the civil engineering society.
    Your articles are making me to sharpen my knowledge.
    Thank you very much.

  22. Hello mam, I am third year civil engineering student. I visit this site before somedays and I found very useful information on this site, this information really help me loat at presernt and in future.I really grateful of you for such nice information sharing on net.And I must say from my heart this site is best in the world for civil engineer.Wish you all the best and God bless you.Keep it up

  23. Hi Benzu,

    I find your site very useful and interesting, especially to Civil Engineers. You’re doing great, it’s really nice making your site’s name focused into civil engineering projects, despite of being into Architecture.

    I salute you in your good understanding and ongoing endeavor. Unlike in my country, mostly but not all anyway, somewhat relating to economics, most of the 2 professions Arch/CE seems trying to isolate themselves – due to some legal issues about each one’s profession, Architects have it on this link http://www.architectureboard.ph/uploads/1286606272-k10oct8_ApecICApresentn.ppt , while civil engineers including me, also have legal issues as on this link http://www.docstoc.com/docs/16435814/The-Practice-of-Civil-Engineering-and-RA-9266-_Architecture-Act, our government has lot to do in resolving this. Both parties has its own rights and privileges anyway.

    I do hope both professions do the same like as you do in here, as one in both fields of endeavor.

    More power…

  24. I did my civil engg in 2000, but hardly did any site job due to a different work profile. Ur site is useful for people like me who like to refresh their basics or clear their doubts. U r doing a wonderful service to all civil engrs even though u r an architect urself. Keep up the good job. May ur tribe increase!

  25. Congrets,You Have made Nice Works,Collection also good,All Fundamentals clear in construction.
    Thanks.Wish U Good Luck.

  26. Dear Benzu.
    i am highly greatful to you as your articles help me to refresh my knowledge . i am started to construct a two storey residential building for myself.I passed out in civil Engg. course in 2009 and all the basic civil Engg. knowledge was evaporated from my brain. After reading your lessons, I am feeling good.Now i am m.tech studying in Myanmar TU . your website is very useful to me.So Please help me.

    Regards, SOE THU SAN

    • Hello,
      We are really glad that our site has been of so much help to you. Thank you so much for your kind words of appreciation.
      We shall keep up our work and try and help everyone out there.

      Thanks and cheers πŸ™‚

  27. After long search I got your amazing data bank which going to help me lot in my resident house building projects. Thanks for your nice afford.

    *If you dont mind please help me get the sequence of your post

  28. Please add Marine structures aspects also ( Like Coastal structures,Breakwaters,Berthing and Mooring Dolpins )

  29. Hi,
    I am architect from Kanchipuram.Your Site is very informative and useful for students.

  30. hello benzujk,
    the work that u r doing for humainty is very apperciatable and its helpful for very one it may be beg or else ” principle of knowledge for every body is very good”
    keep it up!!!

  31. Hi,
    Should the reinforcement of secondary beams be placed inside or over the primary beam reinforcement? Please mention relevant IS code if any .

  32. Hello Ms Benzujk, Thanks for ur blog.

    Do need an expert opinion.
    Am basically a Mechanical guy, but ‘ve got to lookafter civil jobs also. Was stuck up in designing a structure (Main Entrance for our Steel Plant).

    The details in brief are
    RCC Slab 17200 x 17000 (17000 is span)
    Out of this, 10000 length is supported with two additional columns in between but the remaining 7000 length can be given column supports at either ends only.

    The entrance would look like a trapezium, the smaller side measuring 13000 and longer side 17200.
    The support plan for the area under trapezium:
    (i) Columns 600 x 600 at the ends
    (ii) Tie Beam 300 x 600
    (iii) Digonal Supports on either ends (Beam to Column) 1500×1500
    (iv) We have another two roof beams extending to the front tie beam of size 300 x 600. Here also we plan for diagonal supports of 1500 x 1500.
    (v) Additionally, we have side walls, extending to full height, also to support the slab.

    Thanks & Reg

    Height of the structure : 7000.

  33. hai benzujk,
    i am doing my pre-final year in a reputed institution in trichy. i dont have any idea about my project. will u suggest and guide me to do an excellent project in my final year.

    with regards,

  34. hello mam!

    gr8 work n very informative site.. well i want 2 know about precast concrete north light roof truss & its difference frm north light steel truss…

  35. Hi,

    I have doing minor changes in the apartment the I live and in this I plan to change the position of the bathroom, Is it ok if the waste water outlet is done without the sunken slab. My contractor has okayed it, saying that the necessary waterproofing is sufficient.

    Can u please throw some light on this.

  36. Dear Madam,

    my contractor said one feet raft foundation for
    (826sq feet in one floo)r – 3 storied building with inter lock bricks. 2 feet base from ground level.


  37. Dear Benzu Hi,
    I find this site and searched many topics related to civil Engineering.I completed B.Tech in 1999.But couldn’t work after marriege.Now I am working cad designer for last six months.I want always somthing related to civil but I feel that I cant bcoz I am not in touch for a long time.when I saw your site I again keen to know about these or want to revise Every thing.How to do this.I want to know practically also.Becoz i did always Theoritically.didn’t use on practically.I feel like I forgot Every thing.Is it possible that I can do it again?Please advice me because you are genius and you do explain in simple words.I will be very greatful to you.
    Thankyou very much

  38. Hi Benzu as a means of appreciating…. am actually a second yr student of civil engineering who has not yet started on structural design, but i think with the articles i’ve so far red from your blog i’ll do better if i reach that stage… am very glad for every thing ur doing to the Eng society and i hope northing will distruct you from achieving your ultimate goal….God bless u.

  39. Hi,
    I was asked by my boss to design a footing to support a movable crane with a total load of 25 mt..the footing dimension is 450mmx900mmx30meters long, I need to compute the re-bars needed. currently i work as a steel detailer and not used in the design anymore and need to refresh my studies again..can you suggests me what topic u have already so that i can do the design thanks

  40. hiii.. am actually a second yr student of civil engineering who has not yet started on structural design, but i think with the articles i’ve so far red from your blog i’ll do better if i reach that stage… am very glad for every thing ur doing to the Eng society and i hope northing will distruct you from achieving your ultimate goal….God bless u.

    • Thank you for your kind words of appreciation Yogesh πŸ™‚
      Do keep visiting the site.

      Cheers πŸ™‚

  41. hello Miss. Benzu,
    I am kalyan a postdoctoral researcher. For my PhD dissertation work, I borrowed the image of steel reinforced concrete grid shown in Guide to Foundation Design | Column Footings of your blog. Now that work is going to be published in a journal and I need to obtain permission for copyright since the image is a third party material I borrowed from your blog.

    Could you please let me know your email so I can send you the copyright form if the image is yours or direct me to the appropriate source?

    thank you

  42. Wonderful job I must tell u.despite being a diabetologist I was thoroughly impressed and fascinated by your efforts.i m thankful to you.i don’t know from which country u r but in India there is a Sanskrit saying that says you should help everyone to all possible extent without expecting returns.i was looking for terrace garden and found your information very useful,thanks again

  43. hello Miss. Benzu,
    I am kalyan a postdoctoral researcher. Iam reposting my comment again. For my PhD dissertation work, I borrowed the image of steel reinforced concrete grid shown in Guide to Foundation Design | Column Footings of your blog. Now that work is going to be published in a journal and I need to obtain permission for copyright since the image is a third party material I borrowed from your blog.

    Could you please reply to my email giving permission to use the image?

    thank you

  44. Dear Benzu,

    This is Rajesh from COLORS INTERNATIONAL,
    TAMIL NADU.India.I am one of the bUILDING mATERIAL Dealer in my Area.I have a 2 Years Good Experience in Construction Field.And also a Growing Young Builder in my City.Last April I was Started A New House Project.This is my First Buliding Construction..We finished Basement & column Works only.Next we go to started the Roof Work.I have lot of Questions in my New Construction.Tomorrow i will send my Construction Images to you.Please give me good solution to me for Future work


    Rajesh Kannaa


  45. hi benzu,
    nice job,i have a doubt regarding centre of gravity in rcc concrete beam.how it is useful in a framed structure(slab,beam,column).try to corelate with neutral axis,reference points with an example of beam supported by column on both ends fixed.

  46. Hi there!

    I’m a photo researcher for a publishing company in South Africa and there are a couple of photos in your site that would be perfect for the text book I’m busy working on. Could I perhaps email you the details?

  47. Hi,
    Being a civil engineer myself and doing field work since passed out, the internet has been the source of all my updates in the construction field. After going through your site, I really appreciate all the hard work you are doing to post these civil engineering fundamentals on internet. People like me, not only get refreshed by this data available topic vise but many must have found the way through their problems in civil engineering both practically and academically also.
    Good work, keep it up and all the best for all your future prospects.

  48. Hi Benzu,

    Your articles are really usefull and very informative. I am not from the construction or architecture background, but I was looking for website which can give me basic information about constructing the house and also about various terms used in construction. You have done excellent work by explaining each concepts in simple words. Thank you.
    I have one question. I own a old house which is 15 years old brick house, which is in good condition(ground floor only). Now I want to construct duplex over it. Since it old house and there are no columns, how do I proceed and what should be taken care before constructing over it. I have seen couple of old house which use steel beam for extension. Is that the way I should be looking at??

    Thanks in advance.
    Deepak Nagaraj

  49. hi friends, i am saqib abrar from pakistan. i am a structural engineer by profession and i hope this blog / site will be very handy for me to learn and share my skills with you guys. hope to see ypu all around


  51. Hello Benzujk,

    I am a civil engineer from Nepal working in India. I just come to know this site and feel very useful for engineers. I appreciate your effort and courage. You gave a heavy blow to those engineers who don’t believe on experience /knowledge sharing. I think, knowledge sharing makes a person greater. Keep it up !

  52. Hi Benzu

    I’m simply amazed by all your efforts of sharing so much knowledge for everyone! I will show this to my students.
    Thank you very much!

    • Hello Wendy,

      I am glad to have you visited our blog. We shall try our best to cover various topics related to Construction. Do keep visiting.

      Cheers πŸ™‚

  53. hello benzukjk
    i got into ur blog when i was trying to design a frame structure for column and beam for a residential building and really found your site amazing and very helpful for budding engineers like me who aree just beginning their career.. thank you for your well explained proceedures.

    regards πŸ™‚

  54. Dear Benzu,
    Thank you very much for a lot of information which is extremely helpful and presented in a simple manner, easy to understand.
    I saw various feed backs and can understand that your information is valued by many.
    Thank you very much. I shall come in touch and contact you with some specific queries and hope you will extend yourself and help.
    Can I email you personally?
    Thank you.
    with gratitude ,

    • Dear Dayal,

      You are most welcome to post your queries on the site in the comments section. Your questions will help be answered in the best possible way. This will be helpful to not only but to many who are seeking answers to their questions.

      Cheers πŸ™‚

  55. I am a first timer on this site and i found it to be the real deal. I am a C.E student but i’m always having problems in dealing with calculations. Pls help.

  56. did a quick browse of the site, very informative. Thanks for sharing all the information.

  57. i find this web very useful , i m 3rd year civil engineering students i would like to get assist in calculations of foundation loads , i got a lot formulas and procedures that i have used but i just want to in advance any other appropriate ways on how to do the calulations.

    kind regards
    sk job

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