Types of Bonds in Brickwork | Stretcher and Header Bond

Bonds in Brickwork | Building Construction

In our previous articles, we discussed “what is a bond?” and “Rules for good Bonding”. Let us start our further discussion on types of bonds.

Different types of bonds are:

  1. Stretcher bond
  2. Header bond
  3. Facing bond
  4. English bond
  5. Flemish bond
  6. Dutch bond
  7. English cross bond
  8. Brick on edge bond
  9. Raking bond
  10. Zigzag bond
  11. Garden wall bond

Now we will proceed with our in depth discussion on “Stretcher bond” and “Header bond”.

What is a Stretcher Bond?

As the name itself suggests, stretcher bond is formed by laying bricks horizontally as stretchers on the faces of walls. The length of the bricks is along the horizontal direction of the wall.

Stretcher bond | Exposed Brickwork of a Restaurant
Stretcher bond | Exposed Brickwork of a Restaurant

Stretcher bond is used when walls of half brick thickness are to be constructed. The average size of the brick is 9cmx9cmx18cm. If the wall of thickness 9cm is to be constructed, then stretcher bond can be used.

Various types of wall constructions are done using this type of bond.

  • Sleeper walls
  • Partition walls
  • Division walls (internal dividers)
  • Chimney stacks

Bonds in Brickwork | Building Construction

Various types of bonds in Brick work

What is a bond?

When bricks are laid adjacent to each other forming a groove in between the bricks which is filled by cement mortar is called a bond. Bonding helps in even distribution of loads over a large area.

There are various types of bonds. Bricks are arranged in courses in such a way that they are tied together and also care is taken of the vertical joints that are formed when bricks are arranged in courses. The bricks used for the purpose of masonry construction are uniform in size.

Bilbee herring bond
Bilbee herring bond

The rule is, “Vertical joints of the successive courses of bricks should not coincide, that is, a continuous vertical joint across the wall should be avoided since it will gradually result into cracks development.” The strength and stability of the wall is less as compared to the properly bonded brickwork. Improperly arranged bricks forming continuous vertical joints are also called “unbounded walls”.

Like I mentioned earlier, there are various types of bonds; these bonds are distinguished by their appearance which basically means their bonding style (fashion in which bricks interlock to tie themselves together).

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